Arizona Game and FIsh Department - Managing Today for Wildlife Tomorrow: azgfd.gov Arizona Game and Fish Department
  

Phone Number
BUY LICENSES | BIG GAME DRAW | eNEWS | CALENDAR | VIDEO | HUNTING | FISHING | WILDLIFE VIEWING | CONSERVATION | EDUCATION | BOATING | SHOOTING | OHV | SITE MAP | EMPLOYMENT
 
AZGFD Home
expand icon eServices
expanded icon Newsroom
expand icon Hunting & Fishing
   
Hunting

Fishing

- Rules & Regulations
-

Sport Fish Species

- Where to Fish
- Urban Fishing
- Weekly Fishing Report
- Lake Levels/River Flow
- Stocking Schedule
- Fish Consumption Advisories
- State Records
- Big Fish-of-the-Year
- Hatcheries
Resources
expand icon Outdoor Recreation
expand icon Wildlife & Conservation
expand icon Education & Outreach
expand icon Inside AZGFD
Customer Service
 
Apache Trout
 
Additional Sport Fish Species pages
 

Apache Trout
Arctic Grayling
Bigmouth Buffalo
Black Bullhead
Black Crappie
Bluegill
Brook Trout
Brown Trout
Channel Catfish
Cutthroat Trout

Desert Sucker
Flathead Catfish
Gila Trout
Green Sunfish
Largemouth Bass
Northern Pike
Rainbow Trout
Redear Sunfish
Roundtail Chub
Smallmouth Bass

Striped Bass
Tilapia
Walleye
White Bass
White Crappie
Yellow Bass
Yellow Bullhead
Yellow Perch


Apache Trout
Apache Trout: (Oncorhynchus apache)
 

Description
The Apache is one of Arizona’s two native trout species and is the Arizona state fish.  Body color is yellowish-gold at the top of the head and the back is a dark olive. Dorsal, anal and pelvic fins are white tipped with dark, bold spots on dorsal and tail fin. Spotting on the body is sparse and irregular and may extend below lateral line. Two small black spots on either side of pupil give appearance of black stripe through eye. Length: 6 to 24 inches. Weight: 6 ounces to almost 6 pounds. More information on Apache trout and the Apache trout recovery program.

Location and Habitat
Found only in White Mountain lakes and streams on forest and reservation lands. The Department is increasing their efforts in stocking Apache trout in Arizona and has an active recovery and management plan in place.  The Apache trout is stocked from Silver Creek Hatchery in the summer months into the Little Colorado River near Greer, the Black River and Lee Valley Lake.

Reproduction

Apache trout typically spawn in early spring.  Females excavate redds (nests) in the gravel, after fertilization the eggs are covered with gravel.  Generally sexually mature by age 3.  Apache trout are capable of hybridizing with rainbow trout which has greatly reduced the range of pure strain Apaches.

Food
They feed on aquatic and terrestrial insects and invertebrates. 
Table Quality
The meat is firm, flaky and is considered fine eating.  Removal of fine bones is difficult if fish is overcooked.

ANGLING METHODS

Apache trout can be caught by a variety of methods, including wet or dry flies, small lures, or natural baits, in either lakes or streams. However, artificial flies produce the best results.

Wet Flies - Small hooks, in sizes 14 through 18, are usually better for Apache trout, especially throughout the day. Use patterns that have olive green, brown, or black coloring. Popular patterns include: Peacock Ladies; Pheasant-tail nymphs; Hares Ear nymphs; zug bugs; scuds; or stonefly, mayfly or caddis fly nymph imitations. Larger wet flies (size 6 to 8 hooks) that work well include: wooly buggers, wooly worms, streamers, and muddler minnows. Colors in purple, black, brown, and green work best.

Dry Flies - Again, use small hook sizes. Best fishing times are at dawn and dust, or any other time fish are rising to the surface to feed. Popular patterns include: Royal Coachman; Adams; Royal Wulff; Parachute Adams; or any gnat, mosquito, mayfly caddisfly, or stonefly adult imitations.

Terrestrial Patterns - Use any grasshopper, ant, or beetle imitation. Pay attention to size when fishing hopper patterns.

Lures - Smaller spinners work best. Some to try are: Panther Martins, Super Dupers, or Rooster Tails.

Baits - Generally, bait will work to catch Apache trout if it looks natural. Use worms or grasshoppers. Some prepared baits can work at times.

WHERE TO FISH

State Waters
See regulations; a state fishing license and trout stamp are required.

-

Lee Valley Reservoir

-

East Fork of the Black River

-

West Fork of the Black River (campground)

-

Upper West Fork of the Black River (near Big Lake)

-

West Fork of the Little Colorado River at Sheep Crossing (below Mt. Baldy)

-

West Fork of the Little Colorado River in Greer

-

Upper Silver Creek

White Mountain Apache Waters
(where a tribal fishing permit is required)

-

Hawley Lake

-

Pacheta Lake

-

Christmas Tree Lake

-

Bog Tank

-

Hurricane Lake

-

Shus Be Tou & Shus Be Zahze

-

Earl Park Lake

-

Horseshoe Lake

-

Sunrise Lake

 

 

 
Related AZGFD Info
- Watercraft
- Been Fishing?
- Sport Fishing Education
- Economic Impact
- Sign up for AZGFD eNews
 
Downloads [More]

Fishing &
Reptile/ Amphibian Regulations

  • 2014 AZ Fishing Regulations
    [PDF, 7mb]


  • 2014 Urban Fishing Guidebook
    [PDF, 9mb]


  • 2014 Amphibian and Reptile Regulations [PDF]



  • Arizona Residency Requirements
    [PDF]
NOTE: The above files are PDF's and require the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.

Mission | Frequently Asked Questions | Web Policy | Send Comments | Employment | Commission Agenda | Office Locations | Site Map | Search | © 2013 AZGFD