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Bog Hole Wildlife Area
The lush wetland plants and trees at Bog Hole Wildlife Area offer a cool reprieve from the open grasslands in the surrounding area. This and other natural cienegas (marshlands) in the vicinity provide excellent habitat for waterfowl and other nesting, resident and migrating birds, as well as a variety of game and nongame wildlife species. White-tailed deer, great blue heron, bobcat, and Sonoran tiger salamander are some of the animals that might be observed in and around the wildlife area.
Recreational Opportunities -- Day Use Only
Bog Hole Wildlife Area Bog Hole is a popular site for many outdoor activities, including hunting, bird watching, hiking, photography, sight-seeing, and picnicking. About half of the area's visitors come to hunt, while the rest enjoy other activities.

Camping: There is no overnight camping allowed at the wildlife area. However, the property is surrounded by national forest land where camping may be permitted. Check with the Forest Service.

Patagonia Lake State Park and Parker Canyon Lake are also located nearby, with facilities and overnight camping. Information about Patagonia Lake State Park.

Hunting: This wildlife area is located in Game Management Unit 35B, where the primary big game species include mule deer, white-tailed deer and javelina. Secondary species include antelope and quail.

CAUTION: Temperatures vary from 15°F in December and January to 80°F in June and July.


a. No open fires.
b. No firewood cutting or gathering.
c. Overnight public camping.
d. Motorized vehicle travel permitted on designated roads, on designated trails, or in designated areas only.
e. Open to hunting in season.
Bog Hole Wildlife Area is located eight miles southeast of Patagonia in Santa Cruz County, Arizona. The wildlife area is in the Sierra Vista Ranger District, Coronado National Forest. The department currently manages the wildlife area under a special use permit and cooperative agreement with the U.S. Forest Service.

Directions: Big Hole Wildlife Area is in the Meadow Valley Flat area. From Patagonia, head east on Forest Road 58. When you get to the junction with Forest Road 765, turn left. When the road forks, veer right (as if going to the Cott Tank drainage). Turn right on the two-track road that parallels the exclosure fence. Park at the wooden ladder marked with Bog Hole Wildlife Area signs.

- View a map of this location
The wetland and riparian habitat developed, protected and enhanced within Big Hole Wildlife Area provides habitat for a variety of species.

Birds: The wildlife area provides excellent habitat for a variety of birds. Waterfowl such as canvasback and mallard visit the area. Nongame birds such as the Western screech-owl, red-tailed hawk, great blue heron, and magnificent hummingbird can also be found here.

Mammals: Resident mammals include black-tailed jack rabbit, bobcat, white-nosed coati, and white-tailed deer.

Fish: Non-native fishes include black crappie, largemouth bass and green sunfish.

Various other wildlife, including fishes and amphibians, can be found here as well.

Special Status Species - Species Abstracts | Status Codes
Common Name Scientific Name Status
Chiricahua leopard frog Rana chiricahuensis LT, S, WSC
Lowland leopard frog Rana yavapaiensis SC, S, WSC
Sonoran tiger salamander Ambystoma tigrinum stebbinsi LE, WSC
Baird's sparrow Ammodramus bairdii SC, WSC
Mexican spotted owl Strix occidentalis lucida LT, S, WSC
Sprague's pipit Anthus spragueii WSC
Gila topminnow Poeciliopsis o. occidentalis LE, WSC
Longfin dace Agosia chrysogaster SC, S1
Mock-pennyroyal Hedeoma dentatum S
Northern Mexican gartersnake Thamnophis eques megalops SC, S, WSC
Area Description
Bog Hole Wildlife Area lies near the headwaters of the Santa Cruz River in the gently sloping Meadow Valley Flat portion of the San Rafael Valley at an elevation of about 5,000 feet. The area receives an average of 17.3 inches of rainfall annually, occurring mostly from July through September.

The average January temperature is 46°F, and the average July temperature is 77°F. Rain and snowstorms are common in winter, while monsoon rains are frequent in mid-summer.

Plant Life
At present, grama grasses dominate the ground cover, but a wide variety of other grasses and herbaceous forbs are interspersed. The eastern portion of the wildlife area is characterized by Emory oak. The banks and edges of the riparian area and pond are dominated by willows and cottonwoods.

Submergent and emergent aquatic plants have flourished in the wetland to provide excellent waterfowl and nongame bird habitat. Shoreline vegetation includes cattails and bulrush. Some of the more important aquatic plants found in the area are:
- stonewort (Chara sp.)
- waterweed (Anacharis sp.)
- pondweed (Potamogeton sp.)
- filamentous algae.
Management Objectives and Goals
The primary management emphasis for the Bog Hole Wildlife Area is to provide nesting and resting habitat for waterfowl. In addition, the pond serves as a site for native fish and amphibian species management, where fish management is consistent with the primary emphasis.
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